Colon or colorectal cancer affects the colon and the rectum present at the end of the digestive tract. It is one of the most common cancers in Singapore, and treatment should be done as soon as possible. It generally affects people over 50 years old, but few cases are found in young adults as well. In this blog, you will learn all about colon cancer treatment.
Information about colon cancer
Colorectal cancer is easily treated and cured if it is detected at an early stage. It is because the colorectal lumps are very small and non-cancerous in size inside the large intestine. If you want to know whether or not you or a person close to you can have colon cancer, check for these symptoms.
- Weight loss is a very common sign of colon cancer.
- A person has frequent abdominal pain, and common bloating.
- Change in the bowel movements suddenly and blood in the stools.
The only setback of these symptoms is that by the time they occur, cancer will reach a serious stage.
People should get a diagnosis of colon cancer before the symptoms appear for better results. In this, a colon or colorectal specialist doctor will do the screening of the person.
- Colonoscopy- In this, the doctor inserts a camera attached to the flexible tube inside the rectum and colon. It is done to inspect large intestines for any signs of a lump.
- Fecal Occult blood test- In this, the doctor tests the stool for the invisible blood.
- Computer Tomography Colonography-In this, the doctor scans the intestines to examine the large intestines for lumps.
You can discuss the mode of test with the colon specialist beforehand.
Stages of the Colon cancer
Colon cancer treatment entirely depends on the stage it is at present.
- Stage 0 or Pre cancer stage– In this, the lumps or polyps are removed by colonoscopy, and rarely any surgery is required.
- Stages 1 and 2- Specialist performs minimally invasive surgery in this. A patient might also need chemotherapy and radiation in stage 2, but it depends upon their condition.
- Stage 3- Specialists perform surgery mostly minimally invasive. After this, doctors do chemotherapy for colon cancer and chemotherapy and radiation for rectal cancers.
- Stage 4- In this stage, the treatment method entirely depends upon the individual’s needs. Some common treatment methods are targeted therapies, surgery, chemotherapy, radiation, and immunotherapy.
If you want to get a diagnosis of colon cancer, visit the Oncocare clinic.